Alexandria Library

Tear down pyramids, wipe out cities!


How dare you and the rest of your
barbarians set fire to my library?


Play conqueror all you want,
mighty Caesar.


Rape, murder, pillage thousands,
millions of human beings.


But neither you nor
any other barbarian…


…has the right to destroy
one human thought!

William Shakespeare

 Julius Caesar

Alexandria Library Diagram

When young at school in early age I learnt about the Alexandria library, something that as a young reader excited my imagination , and saw  the burning of the library of Alexandria as such a tragedy. It was one of the greatest libraries in human history, holding a vast archive of manuscripts and books from all over the ancient world, and what our ancients would have themselves considered ancient. It was built after the famous Alexander the Great conquered Egypt and acquired knowledge from all parts of the globe. From East to West, the teachings of multiple civilizations throughout human history up to that time could be found in the great library.

The books contained in this library touched upon every subject that concerns humanity, from health, science, and astronomy to geology, philosophy, mysticism, magic, knowledge of the spiritual world, and much more.

Libraries as such were well known to multiple ancient civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, Syria, and Greece, who were very impressed by Oriental knowledge. There is literary evidence of Greek individuals visiting Egypt specifically to acquire knowledge:e.g., Herodotus, Plato (particularly in Phaedrus and Timaeus), Theophrastus, and Eudoxus of Cnidus (as detailed by Diogenes Laërtius in the 3rd century CE).

The Royal Library of Alexandria,

The Royal Library of Alexandria or Ancient Library of Alexandria

Alexandria, Egypt, was one of the largest and most significant libraries of the ancient world. It was dedicated to the Muses, the nine goddesses of the arts. It flourished under the patronage of the Ptolemaic dynasty and functioned as a major center of scholarship from its construction in the 3rd century BC until the Roman conquest of Egypt in 30 BC, with collections of works, lecture halls, meeting rooms, and gardens. Alexandria was considered the capital of knowledge and learning, in part because of the Great Library. The library was part of a larger research institution called the Musaeum of Alexandria, where many of the most famous thinkers of the ancient world studied.

The library was created by Ptolemy I Soter, who was a Macedonian general and the successor of Alexander the Great. Most of the books were kept as papyrus scrolls. It is unknown precisely how many such scrolls were housed at any given time, but estimates range from 40,000 to 400,000 at its height.

Arguably, this library is most famous for having been burned down resulting in the loss of many scrolls and books; its destruction has become a symbol for the loss of cultural knowledge. Sources differ on who was responsible for its destruction and when it occurred. The library may in truth have suffered several fires over many years. In addition to fires, at least one earthquake damaged the city and the library during this time. Possible occasions for the partial or complete destruction of the Library of Alexandria include a fire set by the army of Julius Caesar in 48 BC and an attack by Aurelian in the 270s AD.

Well, as a child I cried the loss of the library, as much as Shakespeare did, and I am sure, as much, as every other bibliophile in history, since so many years ago.

The New Library

The Bibliotheca Alexandrina

The idea of reviving the old library dates back to 1974, when a committee set up by Alexandria University selected a plot of land for its new library, between the campus and the seafront, close to where the ancient library once stood. The notion of recreating the ancient library was adopted by other individuals and agencies. One leading supporter of the project was former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak; UNESCO was also quick to embrace the concept of endowing the Mediterranean region with a center of cultural and scientific excellence. An architectural design competition was organized by UNESCO in 1988 to choose a design worthy of the site and its heritage. The competition was won by Snøhetta, a Norwegian architectural office, from among more than 1,400 entries. The first pledges were made for funding the project at a conference held in 1990 in Aswan: USD $65 million, mostly from the Arab states. Construction work began in 1995 and, after some USD $220 million had been spent, the complex was officially inaugurated on 16 October 2002.

The Bibliotheca Alexandrina is trilingual, containing books in Arabic, English, and French. In 2010, the library received a donation of 500,000 books from the National Library of France, Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF). The gift makes the Bibliotheca Alexandrina the sixth-largest Francophone library in the world. The BA also is now the largest depository of French books in the Arab world, surpassing those of Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco, in addition to being the main French library in Africa.

Bookshelves in bibliotheca Alexandrina

Building and library features

The dimensions of the project are vast: the library has shelf space for eight million books, with the main reading room covering 20,000 square meters (220,000 sq ft) on eleven cascading levels. The complex also houses a conference center; specialized libraries for maps, multimedia, the blind and visually impaired, young people, and for children; four museums; four art galleries for temporary exhibitions; 15 permanent exhibitions; a planetarium; and a manuscript restoration laboratory. The library’s architecture is equally striking. The main reading room stands beneath a 32-meter-high glass-paneled roof, tilted out toward the sea like a sundial, and measuring some 160 m in diameter. The walls are of gray Aswan granite, carved with characters from 120 different human scripts.

The collections at the Bibliotheca Alexandrina were donated from all over the world. The Spanish donated documents that detailed their period of Moorish rule. The French also donated, giving the library documents dealing with the building of the Suez Canal.

Bibliotecha Alexandrina Inside

Why don’t you ask it, to your Magic Mirror?

Ironically in the course of my life, since the days I felt sadness as many before me, for such loss, now day things have changed to the point, where libraries are not even fashionable, and some may question their value, as a public service, since we live in the digital age, with computers, and the Internet, libraries are mainly museums to the past, despite being one, of the now rapidly diminishing amount of people, who prefer to hold a paper book in my hands, rather than a tablet, or read it on my computer screen.

Which take me to another issue, the many times, I have to remind people who carry the library of my childhood dreams, at the tip of their fingertips, and still ask me all sort of questions, and I remind them often with these words:

Why don’t you ask it, to your Magic Mirror?

You got no idea, the many puzzlement faces I got to see, until, suddenly they catch my meaning, and reach for their phone!

Like Magic, doesn’t it?

The magic Wonder, of wonders, who, could have told me then?

The wondrous Magic mirror, of the evil Queen, Merlin’s amazing crystal, gazing ball, right there, at the fingertips, of every Tom, Dick and Harry, all these, numberless, absent minded people, who use it for trivial things, like chatting, texting, exchanging jokes, and some no better, than the evil Queen,  as a mere vanity tool, instead of a new depository of wisdom like the ancient Alexandria library of yore.

To each his own…I guess.

Asking to the Magic Mirror


About theburningheart

This entry was posted in Ancient Egypt, Ancient Library of Alexandria, Cultural Attitudes, History, Impermanence, Knowledge, On Reading, Progress, Science, Uncategorized and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.


  1. That was rather interesting. Thank you. 🙂

  2. Thanks for the info. It looks beautiful and I hope to visit the library one day 🙂

  3. Bumba says:

    Very interesting. Libraries are important and we love them. The lament over lost knowledge continues. We see how the Great pyramid was covered in sands for centuries, together with civilizations buried, their knowledge discarded and forgotten…..Now, what was I saying?

    • theburningheart says:

      Well, time it’s what it is, doesn’t hold the memory of anybody, just give it a little bit of time, and you will see, or better said you will not, in India, and Iran, there existed civilizations, we do not even know who they were, even less decipher their writing yet.
      Ironically some build great tombs of kings to preserve their memory through the ages, and today, we do not know, who they were!
      Vanity of vanities; all is vanity. A statement at the beginning of the Book of Ecclesiastes in the Old Testament.
      Thank you for your comment. 🙂

      • Bumba says:

        I’ve long been puzzled by this short attention span of the species. Doesn’t augur well. Then again I only know a few generations back in my own family tree.

      • theburningheart says:

        Yes, unfortunately generations multiply as you go back on time, as for example a set of two parents, means that the number of ancestors for each individual doubles every generation. By using basic mathematics, we can calculate that ten generations ago each individual had a thousand ancestors, and 20 generations ago they had a million and so on.
        But when we get to 40 generations ago, in the time of Charlemagne, we arrive at a trillion ancestors and that is a problem because we now have more ancestors than there were people. Thus one can deduce that a lot of those ancestors must be the same person.
        Not to add we have a hell of a problem to recall a trillion ancestors!
        Things to wonder?! 🤔🤨😀

      • Bumba says:

        And 99% of fossils are extinct species. Hang in there!👍

      • theburningheart says:

        Definitively food for thought! 🤔🤨😀

  4. Ben Naga says:

    When we look into a mirror we think to see ourselves when in fact we see only what we think we see,

    • theburningheart says:

      Yes, that’s why we say we are not photogenic, when we look at our pictures!
      Thanks for your comment. 🙂

  5. A sad sign of the times, I am afraid.

    • theburningheart says:

      Yes, you are right, we have so many resources and many of us use them so poorly.
      Thank you for commenting. 🙂

  6. A wonderful post – as a child, I too was entranced with the story of this library.

    • theburningheart says:

      That shows you love books, to me learning about it was sad, and wondered how many great books where lost forever, and what great secrets of antiquity where gone with it.

      Thank you Jadi, for commenting. 🙂

      • Yes – through the years when I read about someone’s ‘lost works’ I imagined them on the shelves of Alexandria!

      • theburningheart says:

        Yes, maybe we wouldn’t have to rely on second hand information like Diogenes Laërtius, Hegel judged the work of Diogenes Laertius harshly. “A philosophic spirit cannot be ascribed to it,” he declared; “it rambles about amongst bad anecdotes extraneous to the matter in hand.” What is important, Hegel argued, is not that a philosopher lived in such-and-such a way and said this or that; rather, it is how the philosopher fits into the evolution of human consciousness toward truth.

        Recently was exposed in the New York Review of Books as follows:

        “Poor Diogenes Laertius. He gets no respect. A “perfect ass”—“asinus germanus”—one nineteenth-century scholar called him. “Dim-witted,” said Nietzsche. An “ignoramus,” declared the twentieth-century classicist Werner Jaeger. In his lyric moods he wrote “perhaps the worst verses ever published,” an anthologist pronounced. And he had “no talent for philosophical exposition,” declares The Oxford Companion to Philosophy.”

        I thought sharing this with you.

        Thank you for your comment. 🙂

  7. A very interesting insight into a renowned source of knowledge. Thank you. Jo

  8. I sometimes wonder wheather libraries will still be considered as places of cultural knowledge in the future or if they will be substituted by technical devices! I have recently read that Philip Roth was of the opinion that literature, the way we know it, will vanish! Thank you very much for your interesting post. All the best. Martina

    • theburningheart says:

      Well Martina as we speak I am seating at my desk, and let say I need to do a little of research about a subject, and I do no have the right books, or articles who could help me with what I need it for, in the old days, would have to go to the library hoping to find it open, and it was not one of those days they will be open only 5 hours, then I will have to wait for some of those books to arrive, since the branch wouldn’t have exactly what I needed, then had the added trouble of returning them on time, plus the inconvenience of going out of my way to get there.
      I was lucky to live half a block from one for years, I become very close friend of the staff, and the main librarian, who would do untold favors to me, like giving me access to restricted material, and extending my due date almost at will. unfortunately I moved out of the area, and the privileges I enjoyed were lost.
      Fortunately at that time I got my first computer, and that changed the whole ballgame as we like to say here. At the time there were a lot of gaps in the stuff you couldn’t find, but now days, well hardly anything it’s not there, and you can access meanwhile you are seating comfortable in your cozy favorite place, or cafe if you prefer to be near to other people, or decide to kill some time in a nice environment other than your home.

      Do I love libraries?

      I do, spent countless hours in them, and as today, I rather read a book than read them on a tablet or my computer.

      But do I miss the inconveniences that go along with it, and the wonder of having the information you need at your fingertips, as a sort of magical mirror at your disposal, the privilege of magicians of yore?

      Well I guess you know my answer!

      Thank you Martina for your comment! 🙂

      • Nowadays, I hardly go to the library myself, despite the fact that there also is a cafe, where one can meet people! What I really enjoy is to speak about a certain book, read it together with my friends or watch a video/film of it on our computer and so discover the magician’s opinions or just enjoy it together!!All the vocabulary in different languages are also an enormous help. In this way we can also socialize as well as learn and this may very well be an advantage in respect to silenty read in a library.So, we see the combination of the many ways to read a book may be good. 🙂
        Have a good night. Martina

      • theburningheart says:

        Despite the centuries old poet’s lament:

        Let from its dream the soul awaken,
        And reason mark with open eyes
        The scene unfolding,—
        How lightly life away is taken,
        How cometh Death in stealthy guise,—
        At last beholding;

        What swiftness hath the flight of pleasure
        That, once attained, seems nothing more
        Than respite cold;
        How fain is memory to measure
        Each latter day inferior
        To those of old.

        Beholding how each instant flies
        So swift, that, as we count, ’tis gone
        Beyond recover,
        Let us resolve to be more wise
        Than stake our future lot upon
        What soon is over.

        Another even older poet affirmed millennials ago:

        Look to this day:
        For it is life, the very life of life.
        In its brief course
        Lie all the verities and realities of your existence.
        The bliss of growth,
        The glory of action,
        The splendour of achievement
        Are but experiences of time.

        For yesterday is but a dream
        And tomorrow is only a vision;
        And today well-lived, makes
        Yesterday a dream of happiness
        And every tomorrow a vision of hope.
        Look well therefore to this day;
        Such is the salutation to the ever-new dawn!

        Best regards, Martina! 🙂

      • What poems!!! Thank you som much for these beautiful and true words. Carpe diem and enjoy the moment.:)

      • theburningheart says:

        I am glad you like them, Martina. 🙂

  9. DG MARYOGA says:

    Great post based on the old Temple of Widsom,and the new one,which is a masterpiece of modern architecture.I share your feelings,it was traumatic for me too to learn about its gradual catastrophe.
    Now that the digital world has taken over,and our sentimental world is rather affected,we look back at the whole story from a distance and we feel it’s only history …
    Thank you for all the enlightening posts you share with us.Best wishes to you

    • theburningheart says:

      Yes, a great lost at the time, and who knows how many great ancient books were lost, and maybe, we will never know what we missed, however it’s doubtful they had the information on those day we know today, and better yet, we do not have the need to go through hundred, or thousands of scrolls to find it, we have it right here, at our fingertips. a lot more they ever dream to have.

      Thank you Doda for your comment! 🙂

      • DG MARYOGA says:

        Thank you for your thoughful reply.We’ll never learn about the exact treasure that was lost.Nowadays,we put everything in safe capsules which are well kept and nothing will be lost again …

      • theburningheart says:

        So, we hope!
        But time am afraid may make a fool of us, sort like those ancient cities you find in Iran, the Hindus valley, the Kingdom of Meroe (in modern day Sudan), whose Meroitic Script is yet to be deciphered as well as the so-called Linear A script of the ancient Minoan culture of Crete which also has yet to be understood.
        Here it’s a list that may even miss some of the writing systems we may not yet even known:
        Linear A
        Cretan Hieroglyphics
        Wadi el-Hol script
        Sitovo inscription
        Olmec writing
        Singapore stone

        Some years ago I read an interesting article about a place in Iran, that I cannot recall the name, where kings built tombs, obviously to be remembered of their might, ironically we do not know who they were, because we can’t read what they wrote yet!

        As Ecclesiastes: Vanity of vanities, says the Preacher,
        vanity of vanities! All is vanity.
        What does man gain by all the toil
        at which he toils under the sun?
        A generation goes, and a generation comes…

        Thank you Doda! 🙂

      • Ben Naga says:

        “As Ecclesiastes: Vanity of vanities, says the Preacher,
        vanity of vanities! All is vanity.
        What does man gain by all the toil
        at which he toils under the sun?
        A generation goes, and a generation comes…”

        Yes. Thank God it’s simply an illusion.”

  10. DG MARYOGA says:

    I couldn’t agree more with all the illustrations,your thoughts and particularly with your Ecclesiastes reference,it says it all.Every time we open a door there are more closed ones to challenge us …
    Btw,”Scientists Finally Cracked The Code Of The Ancient ‘Phaistos Disk’”,here is the link for you to read,if you can spare some of your precious time :

    • theburningheart says:

      Are you joking about my precious time?
      immediately went and look at Dr.Gareth Owens talk on TED! 🙂
      I guess if I am not missing more newer discoveries, they got an idea it was a Mother Goddess invocation, however, as of that date, four years ago, they said:

      “It goes without saying that that the language of the Disk is unknown,” said the TEI site, “and thus the text remains beyond our reach. Nevertheless, this has not deterred many potential deciphers from offering their own interpretations. Indeed, more has been written about this Cretan inscription than about any other…”

      Yes it’s great progress, but as usually happens, what we lack it is context, due to our limited knowledge from a civilization who flourished roughly, almost 4000 years ago.

      Thank you Doda, for this information. 🙂

  11. Lwbut says:

    I was not aware they had built a new library to replace one of the lost Seven Great Wonders of the World – thank you for this information. 🙂

    I have been spending much of my time recently looking into the fundamentals, starting with our numbering system and simple(?) mathematics and i noticed a number of inbuilt features of the Library relating to the 16:10 relationship , not the least that it was opened on the 16/10/2002!
    The 16 x 10 roof tiles/triangles/rectangles of the circular roof which themselves all hold the 16:10 or 8:5 width/length relationship that i assume i might be a fraction off in my whole number calculations and the real ratio may be the Golden Mean of 1.618…: 1?

    Also the fact that it is 16 x 10 = 160m in diameter and is 32 m (16 x 2 or 160/5) in height. it would be interesting to know what slope the roof has and the dimensions of the ellipse it forms. ;-).

    I am spending much of my study on the 4 numbers that are the initial stages of the flower of life: 0,1,2,3 and the 3 dimensional form that combines both the sphere and the cube – the octahedron. It is amazing the places that consideration of these simple things leads one to…. and how ancient is the knowledge i am rediscovering. I am sure my studies would have fit in very well with the visitors to the original Alexandrinian library.

    • theburningheart says:

      Well they seem despite the criticism, did a nice job, after all an architectural design competition was organized by UNESCO in 1988 to choose a design worthy of the site and its heritage. The competition was won by Snøhetta, a Norwegian architectural office, from among more than 1,400 entries.

      The golden ratio f (a Greek letter pronounced phi) is an irrational number, one that is impossible to express as a simple fraction; and it is the most irrational of all irrational numbers because it can’t even be approximated as a simple fraction. Yet it turns up everywhere in nature; from chemical bonds in molecules to branching trees, spiral galaxies, and fundamental quantum reality; it is embedded in our brain waves, in music, and of course, in the heart of mathematics.

      If you are interested, you may like to read the book : The Golden Ratio by Mario Livio.
      Maybe you did already.

      Thank you for commenting, we appreciate it. 🙂

      • Lwbut says:

        No, i have not yet read Mario Livio’s book but i have redicovered, from first principles, some curious properties of both Phi and the Fibonacci series. I found, and since had it confirmed by a Prof of mathematics, that the fibonacci series has a repeating pattern based upon 5,10,15,20 etc. and the number 11. The value of the eleventh number in the series (counting the first 0) is the addition of the 1st in the sequence plus 11 times the 6th (11-5/1+5) – this then continues for all successive numbers in the series to infinity.

        The curious thing is that this exact same relationship calculation applies to the powers of Phi: 1, P, PxP, PxPxP, PxPxPxP, etc. The eleventh value = the 1st value plus 11 times the 6th value. I also love the fact that 1/Phi = 0.618…; Phi = 1.618… and Phi Squared = 2.618…!
        Phi to the power half, one and 2 or time, times and half a time. 😉 Phi to the power of 0 = 1 and is the first number in this series.

        All things are connected… and mathematics can prove this, and now so can i 🙂

        I share your thoughts on people today and their mobile phone usage. I had very similar thoughts concerning that wonder of my age – the Television… the benefits it had the potential to bring and yet the dross/distraction it provides to many.

        My Thanks once again.

      • theburningheart says:

        I am glad about your studies, and discoveries.
        And I am glad you hold similar vies than I do.
        Thank you for your interest, and your nice comments, we appreciate them. 🙂

  12. Maria says:

    I love the way you use illustrations to explain your posts. How fascinating is the old illustration of the Ancient Library of Alexandria.

    • theburningheart says:

      I guess I am a visual person, like Art, and Photography, and figure make people more interested on reading the posts.

      Thank you Maria. 🙂

  13. sherazade says:

    un post magnifico commovente le ricordo distanza Antica cultura della biblioteca di Alessandria cuore del pensiero umanistico.


    ( Thank you so much for remembering me🦋

  14. Very good, wonderfull article.

  15. natuurfreak says:

    Heel knappe interessante post

  16. I didn’t know about the new llbrary. Wonderful building, thanks for the images.
    Your article and the discussions bring to mind … ‘Long live the dead because we live in them.’ ― Clarice Lispector – A Breath of Life

    • theburningheart says:

      Yes, another phrase attributed to Bernard of Chatres:

      Nanos gigantum humeris insidentes.
      Standing on the shoulders of giants.

      Expresses the meaning of discovering truth, by building on previous discoveries,

      Thank you for your comment. 🙂

  17. pjlazos says:

    Happy to have the new library, even if it only acts as a museum. I think I may have witnessed some book burning in another incarnation as it really affects me on a visceral level as well. Thanks for this post.

    • theburningheart says:

      I agree with your feelings, I feel the same way, however now day we have some compensations coming our way, like having the internet, and all it’s wonders at the tip of our fingers. 🙂

  18. stolzyblog says:

    It’s a neat project, the new library, in many ways. Still, the sense of lament for what was lost is difficult to ameliorate. Especially concerning the vast amounts of esoteric materials which must have occupied the old shelves and canisters. Things extremely difficult to re-acquire.

  19. theburningheart says:

    Yes, if with two small discoveries, the Qumran caves manuscripts, and The Nag Hammadi library (also known as the Chenoboskion Manuscripts, and the Gnostic Gospels we have learnt so much, imagine having access to many of the papyrus scrolls lost in the Alexandria library!

    Unfortunately paper wasn’t a great durable technology, most of what we know about antiquity to a certain point in the past before the Greeks we owe to tablets, and stone inscriptions, like the famous Rosetta stone, in fact we probably have lost as much paper material through the ages gradually by fire, damp and moths, that by itself may account for a few libraries, I guess will never know.

    Let’s hope we will be able to preserve the digital knowledge for future generations, who knows if by the avatars of History in the future we may lose that technology as well, and in 10,000 year we may not even know what a computer was…It seems everything change, except impermanence.

    Thank you for your comment. 🙂

  20. I always learn something new from your blog. Excellent post!

  21. Ena says:

    Thank you for checking out my blog!

  22. I would say that libraries are the foundation of any democracy. And the ancient library in Alexandria most have been an amazing place, then as it would have been today, I am sure.

  23. theburningheart says:

    Alexandria at the time, of the library, It became Egypt’s main Greek city, with Greek people from diverse backgrounds. Alexandria was not only a center of Hellenism, but was also home to the largest urban Jewish community in the world.
    Yes Otto it was an amazing city.
    Thank you for your comment, we appreciate it. 🙂

  24. Skilbey says:

    I am passionate about libraries- I work in one. Sadly, with the exception of a few, they are not treated with great reverence in the UK. Budget cuts have seen to job loses and library closures and literacy levels are tumbling. Can’t put it down to fires or wars. I’d rather have rich eyes and poor pockets, but what do I know.
    Your posts are an injection of knowledge and understanding. It’s a huge pleasure visiting your site,

    • theburningheart says:

      Yes, I grew up with libraries in the pre-Internet days, at one point I lived for a few years half a block from a library, at a time when I had a lot of free time to use it almost at leisure, got fond memories of it, I befriended all the staff, and got a few privileges, unfortunately new technology has made libraries, sort of not a priority, I sympathize with you.

      Thank you for your nice comment , we appreciate it 🙂

  25. RMW says:

    When I first learned about the Alexandria library in school I wondered how could people back then let so much knowledge disappear… why wasn’t it properly guarded so that future generations could learn from all this wisdom? Unfortunately, now as an adult I understand only too well. We have seen it happening all around as history is obliterated in one way or another. Perhaps now with the internet there is a chance that whatever knowledge and wisdom our civilization has accumulated cannot be destroyed by the temper tantrum of some ignorant despot. Or maybe that’s just wishful thinking.

    • theburningheart says:

      It come to mind the April 29, 1986, was a day when most of the world fretted about a horrific disaster known as Chernobyl. In Los Angeles, it was the day our library burned and our earth stood still, what a disaster that was,

      Theories pointed toward a would-be hero/arsonist who set the fire and then hoped to put it out to impress people.

      Even after total resurrection in 1993, it seemed like a terribly unreal nightmare. Just to ponder 200,000 books destroyed, and many valuable archives, by the act of a madman.
      Irreplaceable numbers of hard copy periodicals, drawings from patents, historic maps, fine art prints, photography negatives and newspaper archives were turned into ash or mush by the water that inexorably seeped down the stacks and into the basement. The bottom floor of the venerable landmark became a waterlogged graveyard of collections.

      A digital archive may prevent that, however I wonder how time inexorably takes charge of destroying Mankind’s memories, in some of my answers above reflect if in 10,000 years from now, or a million years, we will even remember the Alexandria library, or our computers?

      Or somebody will dig out Los Angeles, like an archaeological site, by then an Island floating in the Pacific, or underwater?

      Thanks for your nice comment. 🙂

  26. oldpoet56 says:

    Very good article, I am going to reblog this one for you.

  27. Katherine says:

    A true piece of history.
    I like to read you, theburningheart! Always inspire and enlighten me!
    Have a nice day.

  28. Pingback: Alexandria Library – WJ Clark

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